Distinguished Fellows for 2012-2013

Sep 17, 24, 2012
Oct 01, 2012
György Gergely

György Gergely is Professor of Psychology at Central European University, Budapest and Co-Director of the Cognitive Development Center. Professor Gergely’s research spans several areas of cognitive science including early social cognitive development, psychology of language, thought, and communication, cognitive neuroscience, comparative and cross-cultural psychology, attachment theory and developmental psychopathology. He has published widely in these areas in high-impact scientific journals (including Nature and Science) and is the author of several scholarly books, including Affect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of the Self (2004), which he co-authored with Peter Fonagy. He has received many international awards including the Guggenheim Fellowship (2004). He was Resident Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) at Stanford, US (2007-2008) and received the 2011 Jean-Nicod Prize & Lectures in Philosophy and Cognitive Science of the Mind (awarded by the Institut Jean-Nicod-CNRS-EHESS-ENS in Paris, France).

The following lectures will be held at 3:00 PM in Bren Hall 4L, Room 4016.

September 17 Understanding Instrumental Agency: Rationality, Mind-Reading, and Teleo-Functional Reasoning in Young Human Infants

September 24 Understanding Communicative Agency: Ostension, Reference, and Relevance-Based Reasoning in Preverbal Infants

October 1 The Paradox of Non-verbal Demonstrative Reference to Kinds: Natural Pedagogy and Psychological Essentialism about Artifact and Social Kinds in Preverbal Infants

Dec 10, 2012Avshalom Caspi

Avshalom Caspi is Edward M. Arnett Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences at Duke University. His research spans the fields of psychology, epidemiology, and genetics. His current work is concerned with three broad questions.
(1) How do childhood experiences shape the course of health inequalities across the life span?
(2) How do genetic differences between people shape the way they respond to their environments?
(3) What are the best ways to assess and measure personality differences between people?

For his research on human development and mental health, Dr. Caspi has received awards from the American Psychological Association, the Society for Research in Adolescence,  the American Public Health Association, and the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, as well as the Mortimer D. Sackler MD Prize for Distinguished Achievement in Developmental Psychobiology, the NARSAD Ruane Prize for Outstanding Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Research, and the Klaus J. Jacobs Research Prize for Productive Youth Development.  He has served on the Executive Council of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, and is involved in international teaching and training initiatives in developmental psychopathology.

The following lectures will be held at 3:00 PM in Bren Hall 4L, Room 4016.

October 29     Young Children's Self-Control and the Health and Wealth of their Nation

November 5   Using Psychological Science to Better Understand How New Genetic Discoveries Are Related to the Development of Health and Illness

December 3    Gene x Environment Interaction Research: What’s New? What’s Next?

The following lecture will be held at 3:00 PM in Bren Hall 1424 (please note the change in location).

December 10  What Does It Mean When a Child Reports Experiencing Hallucinations or Delusions?

 

Jan 07, 14, 23, 28, 2013Carl Craver

Carl Craver is Associate Professor in the Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology Program and the Department of Philosophy at Washington University in Saint Louis. His 2007 book, Explaining the Brain, develops a framework for thinking about the norms of scientific explanation in physiological sciences such as neuroscience.  His forthcoming book with Lindley Darden, Searching for Mechanisms: Discoveries across the Life Sciences, develops a mechanistic view of discovery in biology. He is working with Shayna Rosenbaum, York University to study deficits in agency and moral reasoning in people with amnesia. Other research interests include general work on the nature of scientific explanation, the norms of progress for experimental instruments and techniques, and the difference between modeler's and maker's knowledge of the brain.

The following lectures will be held at 3:00 PM in Bren Hall 4L, Room 4016.

January 7       From Equivalent Circuits to Dynamical systems: The Mechanistic Norms of Explanation in Neuroscience

January 14     Levels, Reduction, and Emergence in Sciences of the Mind-Brain: Some Mechanistic Ground-Rules

January 23     Memory and the Space of Reasons: Toward a Clinical Moral Psychology

January 28     The Translational Brain Comes of Age? Optogenetics, Neuroprosthesis, and Maker's Knowledge


Feb 04, 11, 20, 25, 2013Thomas Gilovich

Thomas Gilovich is Professor of Psychology at Cornell University. His research deals with how people evaluate the evidence of their everyday experience to make judgments, form beliefs, and decide on courses of action, and how they sometimes misevaluate that evidence and make faulty judgments, form dubious beliefs, and embark on counterproductive courses of action. He is also interested in the emotional states that both influence and follow from people's judgments. Dr. Gilovich is author or co-author of several books, including Why Smart People Make Big Money Mistakes and How to Correct Them: Lessons from the Life-Changing Science of Behavioral Economics (2nd ed., 2010); Heuristics and Biases: The Psychology of Intuitive Judgment (2002); How We Know What Isn’t So: The Fallibility of Human Reason in Everyday Life (1991). He has published numerous book chapters as well as articles in the preeminent journals in his field, such as Social Psychological and Personality Science, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. In 2012 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. With Gary Belsky, Dr. Gilovich co-authors the Moneyland blog on time.com.

The following lectures will be held at 3:00 PM in Bren Hall 4L, Room 4016.

February 4     Rational and Intuitive Conflicts in Judgment and Choice

February 11   Getting the Most for Your Money: The Hedonic Return on Experiential and Material Purchases

February 20   The Pursuit of Happiness: Upping Our (and Our Kids') Odds

February 25   Where the Mind Goes: A Window on Judgment and Choice

May 06, 13, 20, 28, 2013John-Dylan Haynes

John-Dylan Haynes is Professor for Theory and Analysis of Large-Scale Brain Signals and Director of the Berlin Center for Advanced Neuroimaging, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. He is also head of the “Attention and Awareness” Research Group at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences. His research group is active in the field of functional neuroimaging and cognitive neuroscience, including functional neuroimaging of the human brain, multivariate decoding and information-theoretic analysis of cortical processing, cognitive modulation of functional and effective brain connectivity, neural basis of conscious and unconscious information processing, encoding of action plans in prefrontal cortex, and decoding of disease and automated diagnostics. With Geraint Rees (Oxford) and Uta Frith (University College London), Dr. Haynes received the 2006 Tom Slick Research Award in Consciousness from the Mind Science Foundation. He has published in the preeminent journals in his field, including Nature, Neuron, Current Biology, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Journal of Vision, Neuroimage and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The following lectures will be held at 3:00 PM in Bren Hall 4L, Room 4016.

May 6             “Mind reading” with Brain Scanners: Hard Facts Versus Science Fiction

May 13           Consciousness: Tracking the Mind’s Eye in the Human Brain

May 20           Free Will: Predicting Future Decisions from Brain Activity

May 28           Technological Applications of Brain Scanning

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