Distinguished Fellows for 2010-2011

Nov 08, 15, 22, 2010Marc Raichle

Marcus E. Raichle, a neurologist, is a Professor of Radiology, Neurology, Neurobiology and Biomedical Engineering at Washington University in St Louis. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, The Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He and his colleagues have made outstanding contributions to the study of human brain function through the development and use of positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Raichle was instrumental in the discovery that blood flow and glucose utilization change more than oxygen consumption in the active brain causing tissue oxygen to vary with brain activity. He has consistently led in defining the frontiers of cognitive neuroscience through the development and use of functional brain imaging techniques.

 

Feb 07, 2011
Mar 14, 23, 28, 2011
Nolan Gasser

Nolan Gasser is a critically acclaimed composer, pianist, and musicologist. His original works have been performed in such prestigious venues as Carnegie Hall, the Kennedy Center, Alice Tully Hall, La Salle Pleyel in Paris, and the Rose Bowl in Pasadena.  Recently, his World Concerto for Cello and Orchestra received its premiere in Oakland and San Francisco in performances by famed Israeli cellist Maya Beiser, and a trio of international soloists on the erhu, sarangi, and oud, along with the Oakland Symphony under Maestro Michael Morgan.  He has also received commissions to musically commemorate NASA space exploration missions.

Lecture Titles:

Feb 7 Music, Science, and the Art of Living

Feb 14 Lecture and Concert: Bridging the Gap: Jazz Meets Classical

Feb 23 Speculum Mundi: Music as a Reflection of Culture 

Feb 28 Cosmic Reflection: Musical Depictions of Cosmology and Physics

 

Mar 07, 14, 28, 30, 2011Paul Glimcher

Paul Glimcher is Professor of Neural Science, Economics and Psychology at New York University. He studies the neurobiological, economic, and psychological bases of human and animal decision-making.  His research is focused on the identification and characterization of signals that intervene between the neural processes that engage in sensory encoding and the neural processes that engage movement generations. He asserts that these signals  underlie decision-making. His laboratory uses a variety of tools that are drawn from the fields of neuroscience, economics and psychology.

Lecture Titles:

March 7 The Challenge of Neuroeconomics: Epistemological Constraints on Conscilience

March 14 The Human Choice Mechanism: From Theory to Neurons

March 28 The Human Valuation Mechanism: Dopamine and Subjective Value

March 30 Putting it all Together: Foundations of Neuroeconomic Models

 

Apr 04, 11, 18, 25, 2011Toshio Yamagishi

Toshio Yamagishi received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, in sociology, and his doctoral degree in sociology from the University of Washington. He started his teaching career at Hokkaido University, then moved to the University of Washington, and finally back in Japan at Hokkaido University since 1988, where he is currently Director of the Center for Experimental Research in Social Sciences. He is a member of Science Council of Japan. Honors he has received include: Nikkei Prize for Excellent Books in Economic Science (1999), Medal with Purple Ribbon (2004; a national medal given to most distinguished scholars annually in all scholastic fields in Japan), seven prizes from academic associations in psychology, Fellow at Zentrum fur Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen (1990), Rio Tinto/La Trobe University Distinguished Visiting Fellow (1999), Fulbright Fellow (2000), Distinguished Fellow at the Institute of Advances Study, La Trobe University (2001), Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences (2002). His current research interests focus on the dynamic interplay between the human psychology and the macro social structure. The research topics he is currently working on include trust, cooperation, altruism, reciprocity, and related issues.

Lecture Titles:

April 4 In-group bias in minimal group experiments. 

April 11 An institutional approach to culture. 

April 18 Betrayal aversion and cooperative behavior in experimental games. 

April 25 Trust as a form of social intelligence.

 

May 02, 09, 16, 23, 2011Michael Corballis

Michael Corballis is a Professor Psychology at the University of Auckland. His research is in cognitive neuroscience, including visual perception, visual imagery, attention, and memory. He studies cerebral asymmetry of function and how people recognize rotated shapes. He uses the techniques of basic human experimental psychology, brain imaging (EEG and fMRI), and the study of individuals who have undergone section of the forebrain commissures. He also studies and writes on the evolution of language and, in particular, the theory that language evolved from manual gestures.

Lecture Titles:

May 2 The evolution of language: From God to Chomsky

May 9  A Darwinian view: How language evolved from gesture

May 16 Language, time, and theory of mind

May 23 The lopsided brain

 

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